Anselm: ontological argument for god's existence one of the most fascinating arguments for the existence of an all-perfect god is the ontological argument while there are several different versions of the argument, all purport to show that it is self-contradictory to deny that there exists a. The attempt to provide proofs or arguments for the existence of god is known as natural theology this undertaking has traditionally consisted of three key arguments: the ontological, cosmological, and teleological arguments. Thus, a cosmological argument for the existence of god will study the order of things or examine why things are the way they are in order to demonstrate the existence of god for aristotle, the existence of the universe needs an explanation, as it could not have come from nothing. The ontological argument, an 11th century proof of the existence of god, is a good candidate for fun with formal methods as nearly everyone finds the topic interesting. The ontological argument is an argument for god’s existence based entirely on reason according to this argument, there is no need to go out looking for physical evidence of god’s existence we can work out that he exists just by thinking about it.
The ontological argument claims to be a proof of the existence of god rather than indicating the probability of his existence, unlike the cosmological or teleological arguments, because being an a priori argument and an inductive one it is based on logic. Q explain accurately the various versions of the cosmological argument for the existence of god q critically evaluate the cosmological argument, assessing its strengths and weaknesses q explain and apply the key concepts introduced in the lesson. (a) discuss the key features of the cosmological argument the cosmological argument has several forms, but is fundamentally a proof for the existence of the god of classical theism.
Most forms of the ontological argument rely on the premise that existence is greater than non-existence, or that necessary existence is greater than conditional existence they try to gain objective meaning from an entirely subjective word, and fail because of it. Anselm's ontological argument anselm's ontological argument purports to be an a priori proof of god's existence anselm starts with premises that do not depend on experience for their justification and then proceeds by purely logical means to the conclusion that god exists. I) examine the key concepts of the ontological argument for the existence of god (18 marks) maddy the ontological argument is an a priori argument which means it does not rely on our senses and experiences but on reason the argument is also a deductive and analytic argument. The ontological argument deduces the existence of god from the concept of god, and, for this reason, the argument is a priori a prior truth is one prior to experience in so much, that the truth does not have to be verified by sense experience. The ontological argument, of all the traditional arguments for the existence of god, is the most difficult to understand but if you will read carefully, do the thought experiments, and take time to ponder what you read, you will be able to understand it.
2 a) explain the major features of the ontological argument for the existence of god  could include a focus on one major example understanding of the distinctive features of a priori reasoning with clarification of key terms and stages in this argument such as different notions of existence including necessary existence. Examine the major features of the ontological argument for the existence of god the ontological argument has a few key features, for example it is an a-priori argument, which means that it is based on logic alone and does not rely on us having experience of the concepts to relate to it. Descartes' ontological (or a priori) argument is both one of the most fascinating and poorly understood aspects of his philosophyfascination with the argument stems from the effort to prove god's existence from simple but powerful premises existence is derived immediately from the clear and distinct idea of a supremely perfect being.
This argument, he suggested, is clearly fallacious, and so the ontological argument for the existence of god, which relies on precisely the same logic, must be fallacious too the most vaunted criticisms of the ontological argument, however, are those of immanuel kant. Browse home / the existence of god / 20 arguments for god’s existence 20 arguments for god’s existence the argument from the origin of the idea of god 13 the ontological argument 14 the moral argument 15 the argument from conscience 16 the argument from desire many scientists examine secondary causes all their lives without. A summary of key points limited in depth or breadth answer may show question 1 ontological argument and the relationship between reason and faith • he uses the reductio ad absurdum to reinforce his argument • god’s necessary existence means that there is no possibility of god. The ontological argument for the existence of god was first structured in the proslogion of saint anselm, archbishop of canterbury (1033-1109 ad) though it was actually immanuel kant, an 18th century german philosopher, who first called the argument “ontological.
Evaluate anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of god the ontological argument for the existence of god is the only a priori argument for god’s existence it attempts to show that if you reflect properly on the nature of god you will find that he must exist the argument was originally laid out by st. If we reject his predicate of existence then we must too reject god as it would be a contradiction to try and separate the two concepts the point of the ontological argument to malcolm is that once the concept of god is correctly understood then one cannot 'reject the subject. Key concepts of religious experience as an argument for the existence of god the argument is of an 'a posterioi' nature, therefore it is inductive this means the argument uses data and evidence from which conclusions are drawn.